Alternative energy sources
ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY
DEVELOPMENT OF RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY AND INCREASE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY
In the long term, the use of renewable energy sources for the development of Uzbekistan is obvious and necessary in order to ensure energy, environmental and economic security, as well as ensuring sustainable development of the republic's energy sector. The development of renewable and alternative energy sources is an indispensable condition for preserving natural resources for future generations, improving the environment.
One of the main government decisions on the development of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency in the Republic of Uzbekistan is the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On the Program of Measures for the Further Development of Renewable Energy, Improving Energy Efficiency in the Economy and Social Spheres for 2017-2021" and this decision noted , that in accordance with the Program of measures to reduce energy intensity, the introduction of energy-saving technologies and systems in the sectors of the economy and the social sphere for 2015-2019, approved by the Resolution of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. RP-2343 of May 5, 2015, a wide range of measures to ensure energy saving in the sectors of the economy and social sphere has been implemented in the country in recent years.
Standards for energy management of production and energy labeling of household equipment have been introduced. Implementation of energy-efficient technologies in street lighting and energy-saving lamps for residential and public buildings is being implemented, and incandescent lamps with a capacity of over 40 W are discontinued in the country. Investment projects are being implemented to introduce modern gas turbine and steam-turbine units in the energy sector.
At the same time, despite the measures taken, the energy intensity of the domestic economy remains high, the level of diversification of the fuel and energy balance due to the involvement of renewable energy sources in industrial production does not meet world trends. The structure of primary fuel for the production of electrical and thermal energy is dominated by natural gas and other traditional types of hydrocarbon fuel.
Work is being carried out to expand the use of renewable energy sources, reduce the energy intensity of production, target the introduction into practice of domestic scientific and technical developments and research of advanced approved international energy saving technologies, implement priority areas in this area, as defined by the Strategy of Action for the five priority development directions of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2017 - 2021 years.
The Program of Measures for the Further Development of Renewable Energy, Improving Energy Efficiency in the Spheres of the Economy and the Social Sphere for 2017-2021, which includes target parameters developed by the Ministry of Economy, the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, JSC Uzbekenergo and JSC Uzbekhydroenergo, on the further development of renewable energy; list of investment projects for the development of renewable energy; a set of measures to promote the use of renewable energy sources and increase energy efficiency in the economic and social sectors for 2017-2021.
To fulfill these instructions, JSC "Uzbekenergo" with interested agencies carried out research and studied the potential of renewable energy sources of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
In particular, in accordance with the Roadmap "Development and use of solar energy in Uzbekistan" developed by the NGO "Physics of the Sun" Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan Based on the data provided by ADB technical assistance consultants to STA-Nixus (Spain), who carried out relevant studies in 2012-2013 .
In addition, with foreign partners, i.e. Inter Gopa (Germany) in association with GEO-NET (Germany), the "Assessment of the potential for the development of renewable energy sources" was carried out with an assessment of the wind energy potential of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Based on the results of this work, an atlas of the wind power potential of the republic was drawn up, where it was recommended to build wind power stations on two sites. Both "Nukus" and "Zarafshan" have significant potential for the future development of wind power.
In this regard, the present program of measures included 4 investment projects for the construction of solar and wind power stations, incl. three of them are solar power stations with a capacity of 100 MW each in Samarkand, Surkhandarya and Navoi regions and one 102 MW power plant in Navoi region.
Installations of renewable energy sources using secondary energy resources are prioritized in the dispatch schedule of the operator of a single electric power system for the purchase of energy in front of generating facilities using fossil fuels.
Calculations for supplied electric energy from renewable sources (except for the organizations of JSC "Uzbekhydroenergo") into a single electric power system are made according to the current tariff for consumers (excluding value added tax) reduced by the cost of transferring a unit of electricity through a single electric power system, and on the value of the cost of distribution and sale of a unit of electrical energy by enterprises of territorial electric grids.